Lifetime Analysis of Random Event-Driven Clustered Wireless Sensor Networks
Considering event-driven clustered wireless sensor networks, a probabilistic approach for analyzing the network lifetime is presented when events occur randomly over the network field. To this end, the authors first model the packet transmission rate of the sensors, using the theory of coverage processes and Voronoi tessellation. Then, the probability of achieving a given lifetime by individual sensors is found. This probability is then used to study the cluster lifetime. In fact, they find an accurate approximation for the probability of achieving a desired lifetime by a cluster. Their proposed analysis includes the effect of packet generation model, random deployment of sensors, dynamic cluster head assignment, data compression, and energy consumption model at the sensors.