International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems
In recent years, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a rapidly evolving technological platform with tremendous and novel applications. Many routing protocols have been specially designed for WSN because the sensor nodes are typically battery-power. To prolong the network lifetime, power management and energy-efficient routing techniques become necessary. In large scale wireless sensor networks, hierarchical routing has the advantage of providing scalable and resource efficient solutions. To find an efficient way to decrease energy consumption and improve network lifetime, this paper proposes a centralized routing called Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy based on Differential Evolution (LEACH-DE).