University of Passau
The recent expansion of wireless network technologies and the emergence of novel applications such as mobile TV, Web 2.0, and streaming content have led to the standardization of the (pre-4G) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) protocol to become operational with the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). The 3GPP has also begun the study of the standard's future development, called System Architecture Evolution (SAE), set to evolve into the new era of 4G. LTE is, in fact, the latest standard in the mobile network core technology that now accounts for more than 85 percent of all mobile subscribers. The next-generation mobile telecommunication system, universally recognized as 4G, is being prototyped for increased security and reliable communication.