International Journal of Engineering and Science Invention (IJESI)
Modern power systems are prone to widespread failures. With the increase in power demand, operation and planning of large interconnected power system are becoming more and more complex, so power system will become less secure. Operating environment, conventional planning and operating methods can leave power system exposed to instabilities. Voltage instability is one of the phenomena which have result in a major blackout. Moreover, with the fast development of restructuring, the problem of voltage stability has become a major concern in deregulated power systems.