MANET Routing Protocols Based on Swarm Intelligence
A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is formed by a group of mobile nodes which communicate over wireless connection. The nature of this kind of networks makes them suitable for deployment in places where network infrastructure is hard to build and maintain. They are flexible, adaptive and require few resources but in the same time they are challenging in finding paths that support optimal communication between their component nodes. In order to fulfill this task, suitable routing protocols are required that are robust, reliable, efficient and at the same time as simple as possible. There exist a number of swarm intelligence based protocols that try to meet these criteria. They are based on the behavior of animals that form swarms.