International Journal of Applied Information Systems (IJAIS)
An important and essential issue for Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) is routing protocol design that is a major technical challenge due to the dynamism of the network. MANETs have applications in rapidly deployed and dynamic military and civilian systems. The network topology in a MANET usually changes with time. Therefore, there are new challenges for routing protocols in MANETs since traditional routing protocols may not be suitable for MANETs. During the last years, active research work resulted in a variety of proposals.