World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
The progress of industry integrated circuits in recent years has been pushed by continuous miniaturization of transistors. With the reduction of dimensions of components at 0.1 micron and below, new physical effects come into play as the standard simulators of Two Dimensions (2Ds) do not consider. In fact, the third dimension comes into play because the transverse and longitudinal dimensions of the components are of the same order of magnitude. To describe the operation of such components with greater fidelity, the authors must refine simulation tools and adapted to take into account these phenomena.