University of Western Macedonia
This paper considers the classification of digital modulation schemes in the presence of multipath fading channels and additive noise. A novel modulation recognition approach is proposed based on Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM). The authors' basic procedure involves parameter estimation using GMM to set up an offline database and then to classify the received signal into different modulation schemes based on the database by using Kullback-Leibler (K-L) Divergence. In order to mitigate the negative impact from multipath fading channels, an iterative Maximum A Posteriori (MAP)-based channel estimation is used in conjunction with the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm.