European Design and Automation Association
The importance of testing approaches that exploit error tolerance to improve yield has previously been established. Error rate, defined as the percentage of vectors for which the value at a circuit's output deviates from the corresponding error-free value, has been identified as a key metric for severity. In error-rate testing every chip that has an error rate greater than or equal to a threshold specified by the application is unacceptable for the application and discarded; all other chips are acceptable. The objective of error-rate testing is to reject every unacceptable chip while accepting all (or a maximum number) of the acceptable chips.