International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering (IJETAE)
As the Internet developed gradually into a ubiquitous communication infrastructure and takes an increasingly central role in the people's communications, the slow convergence of routing protocols after a network failure becomes a major problem. Failures in network usually begin when one of its parts failed. When this happens, nearby nodes connected links must then take up the slack for its failed components. This overloads nodes and links, causing them to fail as well, prompting additional nodes and links to fail in a vicious cycle.