International Association of Engineers
Load balancing is a crucial part of MANET routing protocols. Most of the currently implemented routing protocols do not account for load balancing. A number of new mechanisms and routing protocols have been proposed recently to deal with load balancing in MANET routing. A majority of the schemes proposed already add to the routing overhead which is an area of great concern since MANETS are resource constrained networks and efforts must be made to somehow achieve both load balancing and avoid adding any extra routing overhead.