Humboldt University Berlin
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) is a multi-user version of the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) transmission technique, which divides a wideband channel into a number of orthogonal narrowband subchannels, called subcarriers. An OFDMA system takes advantage of both Frequency Diversity (FD) gain and Frequency-Selective Scheduling (FSS) gain. A FD gain is achieved by allocating a user the subcarriers distributed over the entire frequency band whereas a FSS gain is achieved by allocating a user adjacent sub-carriers located within a sub-band of a small bandwidth having the most favorable channel conditions among other sub-bands in the entire frequency band. Multi-User Multiple Input Multiple Output (MU-MIMO) is a promising technology to increase spectral efficiency.