Optimal Relay Placement for Capacity and Performance Improvement Using a Fluid Model for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks
In this paper, the authors address the problem of optimal relay placement in a cellular network assuming network densification, with the aim of maximizing cell capacity. In their model, a fraction of radio resources is dedicated to the Base-Station (BS)/Relay Nodes (RN) communication. In the remaining resources, BS and RN transmit simultaneously to users. During this phase, the network is densified in the sense that the transmitters density and so network capacity are increased. Intra- and inter-cell interference is taken into account in Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) simple formulas derived from a fluid model for heterogeneous network. Optimization can then be quickly performed using Simulated Annealing.