International Journal for Technological Research in Engineering (IJTRE)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) technology has provided the availability of small (tiny) and low-cost sensor nodes with capability of sensing various types of physical and environmental conditions, data processing, and wireless communication. However, the characteristic of wireless sensor networks requires more effective methods for data forwarding and processing. In wireless sensor network, the sensor nodes have a limited transmission range, with processing and storage capabilities as well as their energy resources are also limited. Routing protocols for wireless sensor networks are responsible for maintaining the routes in the network, to ensure reliable communication, save energy resources and increase network lifetime.