Optimization of Elliptical Patch Antenna Using Particle Swarm Optimization
In this paper, the authors have carried out to analyze the design parameters of elliptical patch antenna with various feedings. With the use of coaxial cable as a radiating element in microstrip antenna efficiency up to 96.64% has been achieved. Different ground dimensions have been chosen for better current distribution. The dimension of the microstrip antenna also has an effect on the antenna performance because the current is distributed along the edge on the radiator. Moreover different slots have been cut out in ground to make better current distribution. Also different materials have been used to study material effects on antenna performance.