International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM)
A WSN node consists of several units such as the microcontroller, the memory and the radio, which consumes most energy. Mobile ad hoc networks are characterized by dynamic topologies due to uncontrolled node mobility, limited and variable shared wireless channel bandwidth, and wireless devices constrained by battery power. One of the key challenges in such networks is to design dynamic routing protocols that are efficient, that is, consume less overhead. Energy consumption determines the lifetime of wireless sensor networks. This paper focuses on reducing the energy consumption and to avoid packet loss of wireless sensor networks. Therefore, a communication protocol AOMDV is used.