International Journal of Modeling and Optimization (IJMO)
In the era of technological advancement wireless communication using different advance technology and sensor networks hold the promise of facilitating large-scale and real-time data processing in complex environments like defense service specially military service, medical service, disaster management, wildlife monitoring and precision agriculture to habitat monitoring and logistics applications etc. Sensor networks have the characteristics of fault tolerance and rapid development make them very promising in the above mentioned field. The main objective of this paper is to analyze the performance of two categories routing protocols i.e. Hierarchical and flat network routing protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN).