International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are inclined to network traffic congestion, where unexpected event generates traffic in the network and this traffic is then transmitted to the base station. This paper deals with congestion control and multiplexing in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), which is necessary for improving the congestion and saving the abundance of energy in networks where nodes have traffic patterns. A scheme called TBMCCCP (Token Bucket and Multiplexing based Congestion Control Clustering Protocol) is proposed. It maximizes the lifetime as well as controls the congestion of the network. The simulation result shows that the protocol reduces the loss of packet and has a better fairness of packet delivery ratio in networks. The proposed protocol is very effective in utilizing the available sources and reducing the drop of packets.