International Journal of Computer Science Issues
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a large network which is consist of huge number of sensor nodes and these nodes are directly interacting with their environment by sensing the physical parameters such as temperature, humidity, etc. All the sensor nodes send or receive data to/from a fixed wired station called Base Station (BS). Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are emerging in various fields like wildlife monitoring, mining industries and security surveillance. The efficiency of sensor networks strongly depends on the routing protocol used. Routing protocols provides an optimal data transmission route from sensor nodes to sink to save energy of nodes in the network. Different routing mechanisms have been proposed to address energy optimization problem in sensor nodes. Clustering mechanism is one of the popular WSNs routing mechanisms.