Performance Degradation of IEEE 802.11 MANET due to Heavy Increase and Heavy Decrease in Contention Window
"The primary Medium Access Control (MAC) technique of IEEE 802.11 is called Distributed Coordination Function (DCF). This protocol adopts a Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) with a Binary Exponential Backoff (BEB) algorithm to access the channel. The protocol performance mainly depends on backoff procedure which reduces the probability of collision. With BEB, waiting time of a node gets doubled after every unsuccessful transmission. This introduces fast-growing retransmission delays for the backlog traffic."