International Journal of Computer Applications
Today, all of the ad-hoc portable devices operate on their limited battery hence; lifetime of the network is restricted. Energy proficient routing protocols are considered as better solution to provide stability and portability in a network. Here, the main issue is how to maximize the lifetime of a network. To maximize the lifetime and to achieve stability in a network, the power consumption rate of all the nodes should be evenly distributed and overall transmission power required to route a packet should also be minimized.