International Journal of Computer Engineering & Applications
Ad-hoc network is a self-organizing and self-configuring network without the need of any centralized base station or specialized infrastructure. A wireless system appears to be a promising approach to resolving critical networking limitations prevalent in a centralized wired topology. Information is routed through intermediary nodes to reach its destination. An effective way to reduce congestion is to efficiently route packets through the network maze. However, the choices grow exponentially due to the combinatorial nature of this topology. Routing protocols must be carefully designed to maximize network efficiency.