International Research Association of Computer Science and Technology (IRACST)
In this paper, the authors examine a variety of approaches and the challenges in the design and the implementation on the research area of underwater acoustic sensor networks. Research in an Ocean is still unexplored boundary in this planet as compared to terrestrial sensor networks. This paper highlights various applications like oceanographic data collection, offshore exploration, underwater robotics, disaster prevention and pollution monitoring. This paper deals with main features of underwater sensor networks, deployment analysis in two-dimensional and three-dimensional architecture and components.