International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering (IJETAE)
The fundamental philosophy behind the Internet is expressed by the scalability argument: no protocol, mechanism, or service should be introduced into the Internet if it does not scale well. A key corollary to the scalability argument is the end-to-end argument: to maintain scalability, algorithmic complexity should be pushed to the edges of the network whenever possible. The Internet's excellent scalability and robustness result in part from the end-to-end nature of Internet congestion control. End-to-end congestion control algorithms alone, however, are unable to prevent the congestion collapse and unfairness created by applications that are unresponsive to network congestion.