Primary User Traffic Estimation for Dynamic Spectrum Access
Accurate estimation of licensed channel Primary User's (PU) temporal statistics is important for Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) systems. With accurate estimation of the mean duty cycle, u, and the mean off- and on-times of PUs, DSA systems can more efficiently assign PU resources to its subscribers, thus, increasing channel utilization. This paper presents a mathematical analysis of the accuracy of estimating u, as well as the PU mean off- and on-times, where the estimation accuracy is expressed as the mean squared estimation error. The analysis applies for the traffic model assuming exponentially distributed PU off- and on-times, which is a common model in traffic literature.