Science and Development Network (SciDev.Net)
A smart grid is a digitally enabled electrical grid that gathers, distributes, and acts on information about the behavior of all participants (suppliers and consumers) in order to improve the efficiency, importance, reliability, economics, and sustainability of electricity services. Currently, smart grid systems are widely considered to be fundamental components for improving the monitoring and control of a power distribution infrastructure. Using distributed measurement architecture, it is possible to gather information about the smart grid status in order to monitor and control the overall infrastructure, including remote units. This technology can control the use of electricity.