International Journal of Applied Information Systems (IJAIS)
Failure of wireless link is considered as one of popular challenges faced by Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs). Whereas this type of networks does not have any fixed routers or any pre-exist infrastructure. Also, every node is capable of movement and can be connected to other nodes dynamically. Therefore, the network topology will be changed frequently and unpredictably according to continuous interaction between nodes that simultaneously affect network topology in the basis of dynamic ad-hoc nature. This factor puts routing operation in critical area of research under mobile ad-hoc network field due to highly dynamic environment.