Reducing L1 Caches Power By Exploiting Software Semantics

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Provided by: Association for Computing Machinery
Topic: Storage
Format: PDF
To access a set-associative L1 cache in a high-performance processor, all ways of the selected set are searched and fetched in parallel using physical address bits. Such a cache is oblivious of memory references' software semantics such as stack-heap bifurcation of the memory space, and user-kernel ring levels. This constitutes a waste of energy since e.g., a user-mode instruction fetch will never hit a cache block that contains kernel code. Similarly, a stack access will not hit a cacheline that contains heap data.
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