The International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering
Providing reliable and efficient communication under fading channels is one of the major technical challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), especially in Industrial WSNs (IWSNs) with dynamic and harsh environments. Reliable Reactive Routing Enhancement (R3E) to increase the resilience to link dynamics for WSNs/IWSNs. R3E is designed to enhance existing reactive routing protocols to provide reliable and energy-efficient packet delivery against the unreliable wireless links by utilizing the local path diversity. A biased back off scheme has been introduced, during the route-discovery phase to find a robust guide path, which can provide more cooperative forwarding opportunities.