International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (IJARCSSE)
An ad-hoc network is formed by mobile nodes with wireless interfaces that communicate with each other without a centralized control or infrastructure. Sometimes, ad-hoc network's performance degrades due to the presence of malicious nodes. In conventional routing, protocols use minimum hop count or shortest path as the main metric for path selection. However, networks that require high Quality of Service (QoS) needs to consider several criteria that could affect the quality of the chosen path in packet forwarding process.