International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT)
Recent developments in the area of micro-sensor devices have accelerated advances in the sensor networks field leading to many new protocols specifically designed for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Wireless sensor networks with hundreds to thousands of sensor nodes can gather information from an unattended location and transmit the gathered data to a particular user, depending on the application. These sensor nodes have some constraints due to their limited energy, storage capacity and computing power. Data are routed from one node to other using different routing protocols. There are a number of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. In this paper, the authors discuss the architecture of wireless sensor networks. Further, they categorize the routing protocols according to some key factors and summarize their mode of operation.