Secure Key Generation from Biased PUFs

Provided by: International Association for Cryptologic Research
Topic: Security
Format: PDF
PUF-based key generators have been widely considered as a root-of-trust in digital systems. They typically require an error-correcting mechanism (e.g. based on the code-o set method) for dealing with bit errors between the enrollment and reconstruction of keys. When the used PUF does not have full entropy, entropy leakage between the helper data and the device-unique key material can occur. If the entropy level of the PUF becomes too low, the PUF-derived key can be attacked through the publicly available helper data. In this paper, the authors provide several solutions for preventing this entropy leakage for PUFs suffering from bias.

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