International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science & Technology (IJARCST)
An ad hoc wireless network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that self-configure to construct a network without the need for any established infrastructure or backbone. Ad hoc networks use mobile nodes to enable communication outside wireless transmission range. Due to the absence of any fixed infrastructure, it becomes difficult to make use of the existing routing techniques for network services, and presents a number of challenges in ensuring the security of the communication. Many of the ad hoc routing protocols that address security issues rely on implicit trust relationships to route packets among participating nodes.