Energy limited characteristic like energy consumption and energy efficiency are the main issues between sensor nodes of the wireless sensor networks. To increase the lifetime of the whole WSN and make network energy efficient a proper routing protocol may research. Hierarchical cluster-based approach is being used for continuous monitoring. Non-centralized hierarchical routing select Cluster Head (CH) on the basis of random number not considers the residual energy. Centralized hierarchical routing used the base station for the selection of the cluster head CH for cluster-based hierarchical routing protocol.