International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research
In this paper, the authors are based on research related ad hoc networks does not rely on dedicated network devices. It relay or route messages from a source to a destination. As there is no global coordinator, nodes have to organize them to avoid scalability issues that may arise when the size of the network is growing. Virtual backbones, by selecting a subset of network nodes and/or communication channels, are a set of techniques mimicking the infrastructure in the classical network paradigm.