Smart Cards as First-Class Network Citizens
Recent proposals have been made to connect smart cards to the Internet, to meet needs that are not easily satisfied by current smart card interface standards. However, all these proposals require the use of o-card software to do the translation between the world of the Internet and that of the smart card (i.e., proxy architecture). In this paper, the authors present an alternative approach, following the end-to-end argument. They implement entirely in the smart card, a TCP/IP stack, fully compliant with the mandatory features described in the RFCs.