Making the move from legacy platforms and antiquated technology to current and future standards such as cloud, Session Internet Protocol (SIP) and Unified Communications (UCs) offers the potential of significant benefits. These include cost savings, business agility and scalability and true alignment of technology solutions to business requirements. In this paper, the authors examine various network transformation related challenges. They address five specific issues of client organizations. These include aligning the project with business needs, defining a strategy and roadmap, creating a valid business case, ensuring organizational readiness and developing a sourcing approach. For effective network transformation, there should be a clear understanding of business requirements and how the technology initiative will address them.