Thaivisa Expat Group Co., Ltd.
For the last decades, industries from the safety-critical domain have been using Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) architectures despite their inherent runtime variability. To guarantee hard real-time constraints in such systems, designers massively relied on resource over-provisioning and disabling the features responsible for runtime variability. The recent shift to multi-core architectures in the embedded COTS market worsened the runtime variability problem as contention on shared hardware resources brought new variability sources. Additionally, hiding this variability in additional safety margins as performed in the past will offset most if not all the multi-core performance gains.