StVEC: A Vector Instruction Extension for High Performance Stencil Computation

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Provided by: The Ohio Society of CPAs
Topic: Hardware
Format: PDF
Stencil computations comprise the compute-intensive core of many scientific applications. The data access pattern of stencil computations often requires several adjacent data elements of arrays to be accessed in innermost parallel loops. Although such loops are vectorized by current compilers like GCC and ICC that target short-vector SIMD instruction sets, a number of redundant loads or additional intra-register data shuffle operations are required, reducing the achievable performance. Thus, even when all arrays are cache resident, the peak performance achieved with stencil computations is considerably lower than machine peak.
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