International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER)
Ad-hoc networking is a model in wireless device interactions, which represent that users wanting to communicate with each other form a temporary network, without any form of centralized administration. Each node participating in the network acts both as host and a router and must therefore is willing to forward packets for other nodes. For this purpose, a routing protocol is needed. This means that the routing protocol should try to minimize control traffic, such as periodic update messages. Cluster formation in ad-hoc network is an important issue; clustering in Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) has many advantages compared to the traditional networks.