Sustainability through Massively Integrated Computing: Are We Ready to Break the Energy Efficiency Wall for Single-Chip Platforms?
Modern large-scale computing systems, such as data centers and High Performance Computing (HPC) clusters are severely constrained by power and cooling costs for solving extremescale (or exascale) problems. The increasing power consumption is of growing concern due to several reasons, e.g., cost, reliability, scalability, and environmental impact. The growing energy demands in data centers and HPC clusters are of utmost concern and there is a need to build efficient and sustainable computing environments that reduce the negative environmental impacts. On the other hand, continuing progress and integration levels in silicon technologies make possible complete end-user systems on a single chip.