In status quo the word "Sustainability" is a commonly used word. It's a challenge for everyone everywhere beginning from environment to economy. But, the modern competitive and globalized business world has expanded the meaning and the value of sustainability. This paper represents the role of human capital and its management in a sustainable enterprise. It further represents various path of HR to manage and to face the hue and cry of sustainable development in the corporate world. In the 21st century the essence of human assets has been recognized as the central cause for economic growth.