Terahertz Channel Modeling of Underground Sensor Networks in Oil Reservoirs
Future enhanced oil recovery technology requires wireless sensor networks to effectively operate in underground oil reservoirs. In this case, the millimeter scale sensor nodes with the antennas at the same scale have to be deployed in the confined underground oil reservoir fractures. This necessitates the sensor nodes to be operating in the THz frequency range. In this paper, the propagation based on ElectroMagnetic (EM) waves in the TeraHertz band (0.1-120.0 THz) through a crude oil/water mixture and soil medium is analyzed in order to explore its applicability in underground oil reservoir assessments. The developed model evaluates the total path loss and the absorption loss that an EM wave experiences when propagating through the crude oil/water mixture and soil medium.