Provided by: Hindawi Publishing
Date Added: Sep 2014
Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UASNs) consist of remotely deployed sensor nodes under sea or other water environments. Due to the extreme limitations faced by radio signals under water, acoustic channels are utilized for communication in such networks. However, UASNs are challenged by the characteristics of underwater acoustic channels such as lower signal propagation speed and higher signal attenuation. On top of such a challenged physical medium, MAC schemes which are designed based on their terrestrial counter parts are required to add extra overheads to the communication channel wasting the limited network resources.