The Federalism Challenge: The Challenge for State and Local Government
This paper features a discussion on why there is no clear intergovernmental division of labor around most homeland security activities. It discusses how in many program areas related to homeland security, there has been a strong push to "federalize" many activities that have historically been local responsibilities or shared between federal and state and local governments. It shows that homeland security presents many of the same problems that have been encountered in federal-local relations in other functional areas. It suggests that effective response to the homeland security challenge requires considerable collaboration and cooperation between a wide range of federal, state, and local agencies.