The Lovelace 2.0 Test of Artificial Creativity and Intelligence
Observing that the creation of certain types of artistic artifacts necessitate intelligence, the authors present the Lovelace 2.0 test of creativity as an alternative to the Turing test as a means of determining whether an agent is intelligent. The Lovelace 2.0 test builds off prior tests of creativity and additionally provides a means of directly comparing the relative intelligence of different agents. The new Lovelace test proposed in this paper asks an artificial agent to create a wide range of types of creative artifacts (e.g., paintings, poetry, stories, architectural designs, etc.) that meet requirements given by a human evaluator.