Provided by: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government
Date Added: Jan 2004
This paper features a discussion on issues related to the organization and operation of the fire departments, emergency medical services, and police departments that are the initial responders to any emergency situation, including a terrorist attack. It points out that the initial response to terrorist attacks and other emergency situations is unequivocally a local function, and successful response to these situations requires coordinated action at the local level. It shows that the events of September 11th and after have significantly expanded the ranks of first responders and dramatically lengthened the period of response.