Throughput Analysis and Voltage-Frequency Island Partitioning for Streaming Applications under Process Variation
Variability in the manufacturing process results in variation in the maximum supported frequency of individual cores in a Multi-Processor System-on-Chip (MPSoC). This variation needs to be considered when performing statistical timing analysis in the system-level design. In this paper, the authors present a framework to estimate the probability distribution of application throughput (e.g. frames per second in video decoding) in a system with Voltage-Frequency Island (VFI) partitions in the presence of process variation. The novelty of the framework lies in the computation of the probability distribution of throughput, based on a user-specified set of clock-frequency levels per VFI domain considering both within-die and die-to-die variations of cores.