Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers
Energy harvesting techniques have enabled the provisioning of alternative energy sources beside the conventional one which is typically provided by the batteries. Using such harvesting techniques together with proper energy management mechanisms, a Energy Neutral state can be achieved so that desired performance level can be supported perpetually. Existing energy neutral management mechanisms rely on the prediction of the amount of energy that can be harvested in the future. Such mechanisms suffer from the time consuming prediction processes and great fluctuations in the actual implementations.