International Journal of Computer Applications
In wireless communication, using ad-hoc networking any user desiring to communicate with each other can form a temporary network, without any form of centralized administration. Each node participating in the network is mobile and can be connected dynamically in an arbitrary manner. All nodes of these networks behave as routers and take part in discovery and maintenance of routes to other nodes in the network. Because nodes are forwarding packets for each other, some sort of routing protocol is necessary to make the routing decisions. Routing in the MANETs is a challenging task and has received a tremendous amount of attention from researches.